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Islamic and Christian Axiology (A Comparative Study)

The purpose of this article is to describe and compare from a non-Western perspective some Islamic and Christian viewpoints regarding axiology, and the effect of axiology on education. The subjects which are considered in this article are: what is value; what is valuable and good; whether we have some absolute and constant, and even objective and intrinsic, values that are valuable for all humans in all places and times; what is the responsibility of people, and particularly teachers and students, regarding these values; what teachers should do and how they should instruct and teach so that their students commit themselves to these values, and may become good, spiritual, moral, and religious persons. In this research, more emphasis has been placed on the description of the similarities – not differences – between these two religions. To accomplish the goal of the research, the viewpoints of the Qur’an and the Bible and a number of Islamic and Christian scholars have been described and compared.



Promoting academic literacy on non-Western traditions of philosophy, Philosophy East and West has for over half a century published the highest-quality scholarship that locates these cultures in their relationship to Anglo-American philosophy. Philosophy defined in its relationship to cultural traditions broadly integrates the professional discipline with literature, science, and social practices. Each issue includes debates on issues of contemporary concern and critical reviews of the most recent publications.


A Comparative Study of Competitive Anxiety between Basketball and Volleyball Players

Anxiety is a psychological and physiological state characterized by somatic, emotional, cognitive and behavioral components. The root meaning of the word anxiety is `to vex or trouble. The objective of this paper is to compare the competitive anxiety between basketball and volleyball players. For this purpose 40 Male intercollegiate players from Basketball (20) and Volleyball (20) were taken as sample. For the purpose of this study the standardized Rainer Marten (SCAT, 1990) Scale was used. The Questionnaire was administers in small groups during the intercollegiate Basketball and Volleyball tournament. The results of the study have revealed that there is no significant difference between the competitive anxiety of Basketball and Volleyball players of intercollegiate, as no significant difference has seen in the mean score at the Basketball and Volleyball players on competitive anxiety. Therefore it may be said that there is no influence of competitive anxiety at the Basketball and Volleyball players of inter-college level.


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